The Santomean people is divided into 3 main linguistic groups: Forro, Angolar and Lingwa-iyé The language, as a rule, also defines ethnicity. The unifying element though, is Creole.
|Population: 206,178 (July 2008 est.)
0 - 14 years : 47.1%
15 - 64 years: 49.3%
65 years and over: 3.6% (2008 est.)
Infant mortality: 38.36 deaths/1000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: 68 years (2008 est.)
male: 66.35 years
female: 69.69 years
|Total fertility rate: 5.43 children born/woman (2008 est.)
Religions: Christian 80% (Roman Catholic, Evangelic Protestant, Seventh-day Adventist)
Languages: Portuguese (official), Creole (forro, (Sao Tomé city and suburbs) angolar (Angolares) and lingwa-iyé (Island of Príncipe). Do also see SIL International: The languages of São Tomé e Príncipe: Crioulo, Portuguese
Literacy: 84.9 % of the population over 15 years can read and write.
Source: CIA World Factbook
|Origin: The Santomean population is a mixture of descendents of Portuguese, Angolans, Congolese, Mozambicans, Cape Verdians, Brazilians and many other nations.
Recently there has also been immigration from Cuba, China, the former Soviet Union, the Philippines as well as the European countries. The result is a beautifully mixed people, representing the whole palette of possible tans, with predomination of mulattos.