Our Population

The Santomean people is divided into 3 main linguistic groups: Forro, Angolar and Lingwa-iye The language, as a rule, also defines ethnicity. The unifying element though, is Creole.

Population: 183,176 (July 2012 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 44.4% (male 41,326/ female 39,926)
15-64 years: 52.6% (male 47,458/ female 48,808)
65 years and over: 3.1% (male 2,588/ female 3,070) (2012 est.)

Infant mortality:
total: 51.83 deaths/1,000 live births
male:53.89 deaths/1,000 live births
female:49.71 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth: 63.49 years
male: 62.27 years
female: 64.74 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate: 4.94 children born/woman (2012 est.)
Religions: Christian 80% (Roman Catholic, Evangelic Protestant, Seventh-day Adventist)
Languages: Portuguese (official), Creole (forro, (Sao Tomé city and suburbs) angolar (Angolares) and lingwa-iyé (Island of Príncipe). Do also see SIL International: The languages of São Tomé e Príncipe: Crioulo, Portuguese
Literacy: total population: 84.9% age 15 and over can read and write

Origin: The Santomean population is a mixture of descendents of Portuguese, Angolans, Congolese, Mozambicans, Cape Verdians, Brazilians and many other nations.

Recently there has also been immigration from Cuba, China, the former Soviet Union, the Philippines as well as the European countries. The result is a beautifully mixed people, representing the whole palette of possible tans, with predomination of mulattos.